# Math Educational Resources

• ## Do-Anytime Activities from the publishers of Everyday Mathematics. These are GREAT for reinforcement of math concepts during summer vacation!

Everyday Mathematics is a research-based curriculum developed by the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project and is used in grades K-5 in St. Michael-Albertville schools. Please visit the Everyday Math website for further information.

In order to allow our students to progress faster, be more accurate, and feel more successful, basic fact testing occurs in Grades 1-5 on a regular basis. Parents are asked to provide time at home for practice in learning the basic facts. A letter to parents is sent in the fall regarding this home initiative. Basic math facts games and activities can assist your child in mastering their basic facts.

# Help With Algorithms

• This video will explain what an algorithm is and how to solve the following algorithms:

• Partial Sums
• Partial Products
• Partial Differences
• Partial Quotients
• Lattice Multiplication

# Math Triangles

• In addition to games, meaningful drills, and other sense-making activities for learning basic facts, Everyday Mathematics uses Fact Triangles. Fact Triangles are tools used to help build mental arithmetic reflexes. You might think of them as the Everyday Mathematics version of flash cards. However, Fact Triangles are more effective for helping children memorize facts, because of their emphasis on fact families. A fact family is a collection of four related facts linking two inverse operations. For instance, the following four equations represent the fact family relating 2, 7, and 9 with addition and subtraction.

2 + 7 = 9 9 – 7 = 2

7 + 2 = 9 9 – 2 = 7

Examples of some Fact Triangle are shown below.  To use the Fact Triangles, you can cover one of the numbers and ask your child to give you an addition or subtraction (or multiplication or division) fact that has the hidden number as an answer.

# Ways Parents Can Help Their Children Improve Their Math Skills

• Parents can help children develop confidence in their math abilities by helping them to understand the following concepts:

• Problems can be solved in different ways. Learning math is more than finding the correct answer; it's also a process of solving problems and applying what you've learned to new problems.
• Wrong answers can sometimes be useful. Ask your child to explain how she solved a math problem. Her explanation might help you to discover if she needs help with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, or with the concepts involved in solving the problem.
• Don't be afraid to take risks. Give your child time to explore different approaches to solving a difficult problem. As he works, encourage him to talk about what he is thinking. This will help him to strengthen math skills and to become an independent thinker and problem solver.
• Being able to do mental math is important. Doing math "in your head" (mental math) is a valuable skill that comes in handy as we make quick calculations of costs in stores, restaurants or gas stations. Let your child know that by using mental math, her math skills will become stronger.
• It's sometimes OK to use a calculator to solve mathematics problems. Let your child know that to use calculators correctly and efficiently, she will need a strong grounding in math operations; otherwise, how will she know whether the answer she sees displayed is reasonable?

Source: Adapted from Helping Your Child Learn Mathematics, U.S. Department of Education, 2004.